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Specifications Publisher Springer Us, Springer. Customer Reviews. Write a review. Ask a question. He found marked electrical differences between dead tissue; healthy, living tissue, and cancerous tumors. Moreover, the electrical resistence of the walls of blood vessels turned out to be times that of blood.

Pathological Findings

It suggested to him, Nordenstrom told The Times, that the circulatory system may serve as a network of electrical cables--with the vessels functioning as insulation and the blood as metal wire--that deliver current that can govern the absorption of chemicals by tissue of all sorts. And if that is true, Nordenstrom said, then it should be possible to influence such things as wound healing and the progress of cancerous lesions by altering electrical fields in such tissue.

By , Nordenstrom--working essentially alone in a laboratory at the Karolinska Institute--had progressed, he says now, to the point where he could apply the knowledge to medical practice. The technique Nordenstrom developed borrows on his earlier development of long biopsy needles, turning the needles into electrodes that can be thrust through body cavities into a tumor.

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Later that year, he tried the treatment on his first patient, a year-old woman with massively disseminated ovarian cancer that had spread to her lungs. The technique also has some elements first theorized by earlier researchers as early as To treat cancer, Nordenstrom positions a negatively charged electrode needle in a tumor and a second, positively charged, needle in health tissue nearby. Then he passes a volt direct current between the two needles for as long as several hours. The treatment is repeated every few days for as long as several months.

The first patient died, but Nordenstrom says X-rays established the tumor he was treating had nevertheless disappeared. Drawing from among patients who, he told The Times, have been rejected by surgeons and other physicians as having cancer too advanced to be treated, Nordenstrom then treated a group of 20 patients between and They had a total of 26 tumors, 14 of which shrank or disappeared as a result of the treatments, he says.

Thirteen of the patients died. But while this initial group of patients produced results that are comparable to survival figures for the earliest days of many established cancer treatments, said Dr. John Austin, an associate professor of radiology at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York, Nordenstrom has failed to submit details of the cases for publication in any leading medical journal. The outcomes of the total of or so patients treated now are even harder to scrutinize. Nordenstrom has published not even a brief summary of those results and said it may be two years or more before he is ready to do so.

In the interview, Nordenstrom said experience with the patients has also suggested his treatment method may have the side effect of markedly diminishing the pain of many advanced cancers and that, furthermore, his concept of electric circuits in the body could explain why acupuncture seems to work--a step that would make it theoretically possible to revolutionize pain relief.

Cancer: An Enigma in Biology and Society | Biochemical Society Transactions | Portland Press

Nordenstrom did publish a short description of the first 20 cases in in the Journal of Bioelectricity --an article that remains the only occasion on which he has presented his work in the conventional medical literature. There should not be someone offering a treatment like this who has not published in the kinds of journals doctors would read.

Reputable journals employ panels of experts to review articles submitted for publication and the reviewers often find discrepancies and errors in studies that eluded even the best-intentioned scientists. Austin said that Nordenstrom has created a credibility problem for himself by avoiding established channels. Eric Boijsen, an internationally known expert, by telephone from Lund, Sweden.

Cancer Biology Program

He is an extremely good scientist. But his current work is very controversial.